留言板

尊敬的读者、作者、审稿人, 关于本刊的投稿、审稿、编辑和出版的任何问题, 您可以本页添加留言。我们将尽快给您答复。谢谢您的支持!

姓名
邮箱
手机号码
标题
留言内容
验证码

“双碳”背景下煤炭企业绩效考核体系优化研究

戚鹏 孙小茹

戚鹏, 孙小茹. “双碳”背景下煤炭企业绩效考核体系优化研究[J]. 矿业科学学报, 2024, 9(1): 126-134. doi: 10.19606/j.cnki.jmst.2024.01.013
引用本文: 戚鹏, 孙小茹. “双碳”背景下煤炭企业绩效考核体系优化研究[J]. 矿业科学学报, 2024, 9(1): 126-134. doi: 10.19606/j.cnki.jmst.2024.01.013
QI Peng, SUN Xiaoru. Optimizing the performance appraisal system of coal enterprises in the context of'dual carbon'[J]. Journal of Mining Science and Technology, 2024, 9(1): 126-134. doi: 10.19606/j.cnki.jmst.2024.01.013
Citation: QI Peng, SUN Xiaoru. Optimizing the performance appraisal system of coal enterprises in the context of"dual carbon"[J]. Journal of Mining Science and Technology, 2024, 9(1): 126-134. doi: 10.19606/j.cnki.jmst.2024.01.013

“双碳”背景下煤炭企业绩效考核体系优化研究

doi: 10.19606/j.cnki.jmst.2024.01.013
基金项目: 

内蒙古自治区重大科技专项 2020ZD0020

详细信息
    作者简介:

    戚鹏(1976—),男,河北石家庄人,博士,高级工程师,硕士生导师,主要从事公共治理与公共服务方面的研究工作。Tel:13681102680,E-mail:qp@cumtb.edu.cn

  • 中图分类号: F272.92; C939

Optimizing the performance appraisal system of coal enterprises in the context of"dual carbon"

  • 摘要: 绩效考核是评估员工工作表现的重要手段,通过“以评促改”可以优化煤炭企业一线员工的生产行为,推动企业实现绿色、低碳发展。针对煤炭企业目前绩效考核体系存在着结果性指标过多、环保指标被轻视、缺乏技能学习指标等问题,本研究运用关键绩效指标(KPI)法和层次分析(AHP)法,在优化传统指标的基础上突出“双碳”导向,首次提出环保方面的指标,构建了新型绩效考核指标体系,同时提出了实施该指标体系的保障措施。
  • 图  1  “双碳”背景下煤炭企业生产部门KPI确定的流程

    Figure  1.  Procedure of determing KPI for production department of coal enterprises to realize the "dual carbon" objective

    图  2  煤炭企业员工绩效考核指标体系

    Figure  2.  Performance appraisal indicator system of employees in coal enterprises

    图  3  新绩效考核体系实施的对策

    Figure  3.  Specific measures for implementing the new performance appraisal system

    表  1  重要性标度含义

    Table  1.   Definition of the importance scale

    重要性标度 含义
    1 表示两个元素相比,具有同等重要性
    3 表示两个元素相比,前者比后者稍重要
    5 表示两个元素相比,前者比后者明显重要
    7 表示两个元素相比,前者比后者强烈重要
    9 表示两个元素相比,前者比后者极端重要
    2,4,6,8 表示上述判断的中间值
    倒数 若元素i与元素j的重要性之比为aij,则元素j与元素i的重要性之比为aji=1/aij
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  2  平均随机一致性指标IR

    Table  2.   Average random consistency indicator IR

    矩阵阶数 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8
    IR 0 0 0.52 0.89 1.12 1.26 1.36 1.41
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  3  准则层A相对于目标层G的判断矩阵

    Table  3.   Judgment matrix of criterion layer A relative to target layer G

    G A1 A2 A3 W
    A1 1 1/2 1/4 0.142 9
    A2 2 1 1/2 0.285 7
    A3 4 2 1 0.571 4
    注:λmax=3,RC=0。
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  4  指标层相对于准则层A1的判断矩阵

    Table  4.   Judgment matrix of indicator layer relative to criterion layer A1

    A1 B1 B2 B3 B4 W
    B1 1 2 3 1 0.350 7
    B2 1/2 1 2 1/2 0.189 2
    B3 1/3 1/2 1 1/3 0.109 3
    B4 1 2 3 1 0.350 7
    注:λmax=4.010 4,RC=0.003 9<0.1。
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  5  指标层相对于准则层A2的判断矩阵

    Table  5.   Judgment matrix of indicator layer relative to criterion layer A2

    A2 B5 B6 B7 B8 W
    B5 1 4 2 3 0.477 1
    B6 1/4 1 1/2 1 0.128 2
    B7 1/2 2 1 2 0.256 4
    B8 1/3 1 1/2 1 0.138 2
    注:λmax=4.010 4,RC=0.003 9<0.1。
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  6  指标层相对于准则层A3的判断矩阵

    Table  6.   Judgment matrix of indicator layer relative to criterion layer A3

    A3 B9 B10 B11 B12 W
    B9 1 3 4 1 0.412 3
    B10 1/3 1 1 1/2 0.140 9
    B11 1/4 1 1 1/2 0.132 8
    B12 1 2 2 1 0.314 0
    注:λmax=4.045 8,RC=0.017 1<0.1
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  7  各层次指标的权重及排序

    Table  7.   Weight and ranking of indicators at all levels

    目标层 准则层(一级) 一级权重 措施层(二级) 二级权重 组合权重 排序
    总目标层G A1 0.142 9 B1 0.350 7 0.050 1 7
    B2 0.189 2 0.027 0 11
    B3 0.109 3 0.015 6 12
    B4 0.350 7 0.050 1 7
    A2 0.285 7 B5 0.477 1 0.136 3 3
    B6 0.128 2 0.036 6 10
    B7 0.256 4 0.073 3 6
    B8 0.138 2 0.039 5 9
    A3 0.571 4 B9 0.412 3 0.235 6 1
    B10 0.140 9 0.080 5 4
    B11 0.132 8 0.075 9 5
    B12 0.314 0 0.179 4 2
    下载: 导出CSV
  • [1] MICHAEL P S. Research needs in agriculture and other land uses in response to the green economy: a review[J]. Journal of Global Agriculture and Ecology, 2022: 97-104. doi: 10.56557/jogae/2022/v14i47910
    [2] ZHAO L T, LIU Z T, CHENG L. How will China's coal industry develop in the future? A quantitative analysis with policy implications[J]. Energy, 2021, 235: 121406. doi: 10.1016/j.energy.2021.121406
    [3] 柳霞, 褚义景. 基于节能减排指标的员工绩效评价体系研究[J]. 武汉理工大学学报, 2010, 32(4): 20-23.

    LIU Xia, CHU Yijing. Reconstruction of enterprise performance appraisal system-basing on energy saving and emission reducing[J]. Journal of Wuhan University of Technology, 2010, 32(4): 20-23.
    [4] 周巧凤. 煤炭企业在绿色经济发展中节能减排对策研究[J]. 内蒙古煤炭经济, 2022, (14): 157-159.

    ZHOU Qiaofeng. Research on energy-saving and emission reduction strategies for coal enterprises in the development of green economy[J]. Inner Mongolia Coal Economy, 2022, (14): 157-159.
    [5] 乔珺. 如何建立科学有效的企业员工绩效管理体系[J]. 商场现代化, 2016(27): 107-108.

    QIAO Jun. How to establish a scientific and effective enterprise employee performance management system[J]. Market Modernization, 2016(27): 107-108.
    [6] 赵海涛. 煤矿企业绩效考核指标体系优化策略研究[J]. 财经界, 2019(29): 237-238.

    ZHAO Haitao. Research on optimization strategy of performance appraisal indicator system of coal mine enterprises[J]. Money China, 2019(29): 237-238.
    [7] 武云凤, 李彦华. 基于模糊物元模型的煤炭企业低碳绩效评价研究[J]. 环境科学与管理, 2023, 48(5): 178-183.

    WU Yunfeng, LI Yanhua. Evaluation of low carbon performance in enterprises based on fuzzy matter-element model[J]. Environmental Science and Management, 2023, 48(5): 178-183.
    [8] 陈红梅. 三项制度改革背景下国企绩效管理体系的构建: 以大型国有企业G集团为例[J]. 企业改革与管理, 2020(9): 72-76.

    CHEN Hongmei. The construction of state-owned enterprise performance management system under the background of three system reforms—taking G Group, a large state-owned enterprise, as an example[J]. Enterprise Reform and Management, 2020(9): 72-76.
    [9] 孙妍. 基于平衡计分卡的杏花煤矿绩效考核体系构建研究[D]. 长春: 吉林财经大学, 2020.

    SUN Yan. Research on the construction of Xinghua coal mine performance evaluation system based on balanced scorecard[D]. Changchun: JiLin University of Finance and Economics, 2020.
    [10] 孙连会. L公司员工绩效考核体系优化研究[D]. 秦皇岛: 燕山大学, 2020.

    SUN Lianhui. Research on perforlance evaluation of L colpany grass roots lanagelent teal[D]. Qinhuangdao: Yanshan University, 2020.
    [11] HAO S L, REN C B, ZHANG L. Research on performance evaluation of coal enterprises based on grounded theory, entropy method and cloud model from the perspective of ESG[J]. Sustainability, 2022, 14(18): 11526. doi: 10.3390/su141811526
    [12] 周慧春. 国有煤炭企业人力资源管理中的绩效考核体系建设[J]. 现代工业经济和信息化, 2022, 12(9): 147-148, 150.

    ZHOU Huichun. Construction of performance appraisal system in human resource management of state-owned coal enterprises[J]. Modern Industrial Economy and Informationization, 2022, 12(9): 147-148, 150.
    [13] ZHANG Z R, ZHANG T Z, TONG W J. Study on HOPE management mode of coal enterprises based on systematic thinking[J]. IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science, 2018, 113: 012057. doi: 10.1088/1755-1315/113/1/012057
    [14] 轩美丽. 煤炭企业绩效管理体系研究[J]. 河北企业, 2019(8): 46-47.

    XUAN Meili. Research on performance management system of coal enterprises[J]. Hebei Qiye, 2019(8): 46-47.
    [15] 武强, 刘伏昌, 李铎. 矿山环境研究理论与实践[M]. 北京: 地质出版社, 2005: 1-60.
    [16] 厉以宁, 朱善利, 罗来军, 等. 低碳发展作为宏观经济目标的理论探讨: 基于中国情形[J]. 管理世界, 2017(6): 1-8.

    LI Yining, ZHU Shanli, LUO Laijun, et al. Theoretical discussion on low-carbon development as macro-economic goal—based on the situation in China[J]. Journal of Management World, 2017(6): 1-8.
    [17] 李宇凯, 翁明静, 杨昌明, 等. 我国资源型企业可持续发展制约因素与对策研究[J]. 中国人口·资源与环境, 2010, 20(S1): 451-454.

    LI Yukai, WENG Mingjing, Yang Changming, et al. Constraints and countermeasures analysis on the sustainable development of China's resource-based enterprise[J]. China Population, Resources and Environment, 2010, 20(S1): 451-454.
    [18] 谢雄标, 吴越, 冯忠垒, 等. 中国资源型企业绿色行为调查研究[J]. 中国人口·资源与环境, 2015, 25(6): 5-11.

    XIE Xiongbiao, WU Yue, FENG Zhonglei, et al. Investigation of green behavior of resource-based enterprise in China[J]. China Population, Resources and Environment, 2015, 25(6): 5-11.
    [19] 史培军, 李晓兵, 张文生, 等. 论生物资源开发与生态建设的"双健康模型"[J]. 资源科学, 2004, 26(3): 2-8.

    SHI Peijun, LI Xiaobing, ZHANG Wensheng, et al. The "earth health-human being health model" of biological resources development and ecological construction[J]. Resources Science, 2004, 26(3): 2-8.
    [20] 刘辉, 王川, 王丹. 绩效考核结果分级评定及应用体系设计[J]. 华北电业, 2014(5): 56-57.

    LIU Hui, WANG Chuan, WANG Dan. Grading evaluation of performance appraisal results and design of application system[J]. North China Power, 2014(5): 56-57.
    [21] 霍胜男. 企业目标管理的基本问题研究[J]. 企业经济, 2013, 32(3): 58-61.

    HUO Shengnan. Research on the basic issues of enterprise goal management[J]. Enterprise Economy, 2013, 32(3): 58-61.
    [22] 张玉梅. 民营企业员工绩效考核问题研究[J]. 财经问题研究, 2014(S1): 166-169.

    ZHANG Yumei. Research on performance appraisal of employees in private enterprises[J]. Research on Financial and Economic Issues, 2014(S1): 166-169.
    [23] SAATY T L. Decision-making with the AHP: why is the principal eigenvector necessary[J]. European Journal of Operational Research, 2003, 145(1): 85-91. doi: 10.1016/S0377-2217(02)00227-8
    [24] 戚妙. 基于层次分析法的员工绩效考核研究[J]. 合作经济与科技, 2021(2): 108-110.

    QI Miao. Research on employee performance appraisal based on analytic hierarchy process[J]. Co-Operative Economy & Science, 2021(2): 108-110.
    [25] 唐果. 基于层次分析和模糊综合评判法的事业单位员工绩效考核研究: 以360度绩效考核为例[J]. 科技与管理, 2010, 12(3): 115-119, 123.

    TANG Guo. Research on quantificational personnel performance evaluation in institutions: taking full-circle appraisal for example[J]. Science-Technology and Management, 2010, 12(3): 115-119, 123.
    [26] 宋曦, 丁文梅, 宁云才, 等. 煤矿安全生产管理体系优化研究: 以陕西某煤矿为例[J]. 矿业科学学报, 2019, 4(2): 187-194. http://kykxxb.cumtb.edu.cn/article/id/213

    SONG Xi, DING Wenmei, NING Yuncai, et al. Research on the optimization of coal mine safety production management system: take a coal mine in Shaanxi as an example[J]. Journal of Mining Science and Technology, 2019, 4(2): 187-194. http://kykxxb.cumtb.edu.cn/article/id/213
    [27] 谭章禄, 吴琦. 基于层级链参考模型的智慧矿山建设问题分析[J]. 矿业科学学报, 2022, 7(2): 257-266. doi: 10.19606/j.cnki.jmst.2022.02.014

    TAN Zhanglu, WU Qi. Analysis of the problems of smart mine construction based on the layer-level-chain reference model[J]. Journal of Mining Science and Technology, 2022, 7(2): 257-266. doi: 10.19606/j.cnki.jmst.2022.02.014
    [28] 陈建. 煤矿企业360度员工绩效考核体系设计[J]. 中国经贸导刊, 2010(20): 52.

    CHEN Jian. Design of 360-degree employee performance appraisal system in coal mining enterprises[J]. China Economic & Trade Herald, 2010(20): 52.
  • 加载中
图(3) / 表(7)
计量
  • 文章访问数:  215
  • HTML全文浏览量:  84
  • PDF下载量:  55
  • 被引次数: 0
出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2023-06-20
  • 修回日期:  2023-08-14
  • 刊出日期:  2024-02-29

目录

    /

    返回文章
    返回