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无人机飞播参数优选与DSE浸种荞麦生态修复效应研究

毕银丽 张龙杰 白雪蕊

毕银丽, 张龙杰, 白雪蕊. 无人机飞播参数优选与DSE浸种荞麦生态修复效应研究[J]. 矿业科学学报, 2023, 8(5): 695-703. doi: 10.19606/j.cnki.jmst.2023.05.011
引用本文: 毕银丽, 张龙杰, 白雪蕊. 无人机飞播参数优选与DSE浸种荞麦生态修复效应研究[J]. 矿业科学学报, 2023, 8(5): 695-703. doi: 10.19606/j.cnki.jmst.2023.05.011
Bi Yinli, Zhang Longjie, Bai Xuerui. Study on parameters optimization of unmanned aerial vehicle and ecological remediation of buckwheat stained with DSE[J]. Journal of Mining Science and Technology, 2023, 8(5): 695-703. doi: 10.19606/j.cnki.jmst.2023.05.011
Citation: Bi Yinli, Zhang Longjie, Bai Xuerui. Study on parameters optimization of unmanned aerial vehicle and ecological remediation of buckwheat stained with DSE[J]. Journal of Mining Science and Technology, 2023, 8(5): 695-703. doi: 10.19606/j.cnki.jmst.2023.05.011

无人机飞播参数优选与DSE浸种荞麦生态修复效应研究

doi: 10.19606/j.cnki.jmst.2023.05.011
基金项目: 

国家重点研发计划 2022YFF1303303

国家自然科学基金 51974326

详细信息
    作者简介:

    毕银丽(1971—),女,陕西米脂人,博士,教授,博士生导师,主要从事矿山复垦与生态修复方面的研究工作。Tel:010-62339048,E-mail:ylbi88@126.com

  • 中图分类号: TD88

Study on parameters optimization of unmanned aerial vehicle and ecological remediation of buckwheat stained with DSE

  • 摘要: 陕北矿区地势复杂多变、地形沉陷及地裂缝导致机械生态修复困难,基于北方天途八旋翼无人机,以荞麦为试验对象,研究了飞播参数对无人机飞播作业的影响,并探究了深色有隔内生真菌(DSE)浸种后无人机飞播荞麦生态修复效应。结果表明:飞播参数对荞麦种子有效幅宽与飞播均匀性有显著影响,获得无人机最优飞播参数为高转速、飞行高度2.5 m、飞行速度4 m/s、作业间距6 m;该飞播参数下荞麦DSE接菌区,其生长期株高、地径和地上生物量分别比对照区提高了11%、25%、49%;接种DSE可有效提高荞麦叶片叶色值和光合速率,促进荞麦根系生长,提高荞麦产量和品质,无人机飞播联合DSE浸种促生技术可为西部煤矿区复杂地形生态修复奠定技术基础。
  • 图  1  无人机飞播装置示意图

    Figure  1.  Aerial seeding device for UAV

    图  2  荞麦种子飞播试验场地示意图

    Figure  2.  Schematic diagram of aerial seeding site for buckwheat seeds

    图  3  张家峁煤矿生态示范区示意图

    Figure  3.  Schematic diagram of ecological demonstration in Zhangjiamao coal mine

    图  4  无人机飞播作业路线A→B点

    Figure  4.  UAV aerial seeding route from A to B

    图  5  不同参数下无人机飞播荞麦作业效果

    Figure  5.  Effects of UAV parameters on aerial seeding of buckwheat

    图  6  接种DSE对荞麦根系侵染效果的影响

    Figure  6.  Effect of DSE infection on buckwheat root

    图  7  接种DSE对荞麦生长特性的影响

    Figure  7.  Effect of DSE infection on growth characteristics of buckwheat

    图  8  接种DSE对荞麦生长期SPAD值的影响

    Figure  8.  Effect of DSE infection on buckwheat SPAD

    表  1  北方天途M8A20A无人机平台基本参数

    Table  1.   Basic parameters of M8A20A eight-rotor UAV platform

    对称电机轴距/mm 旋翼数量 标准起飞重量/kg 最大载重/kg 飞行速度/(m·s-1) 作业间距/m 悬停时间/min
    1 630 8 46 20 2~8 2~20 6~22
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  2  荞麦光合作用差异

    Table  2.   Difference in photosynthesis of buckwheat

    处理 CK DSE
    净光合速率/
    μmol·(m2·s)-1
    16.25±0.87 16.56±0.3
    气孔导度/
    mol·(m2·s)-1
    0.33±0.15 0.35±0.13
    蒸腾速率/
    mmol·(m2·s)-1
    8.78±0.7 9.27±0.49
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  3  接种DSE对荞麦根系生长特性的影响

    Table  3.   Effect of DSE infectionon root growth of buckwheat

    处理 CK DSE DSE贡献率/%
    根尖/个 15±2 25±2 42.3
    总根长/mm 206.9±5.5 460.7±5.7 55.1
    根体积/mm3 24.2±2.3 48.4±0.5 50.0
    根表面积/mm2 222.9±5.9 509.7±4.1 56.3
    平均根直径/mm 0.34±0.09 0.38±0.11 11.9
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  4  接种DSE对荞麦产量和品质的影响

    Table  4.   Effect of DSE infection on yield and quality of buckwheat

    处理 产量/
    (kg·ha-1)
    可溶性蛋白含量/
    (mg·kg-1)
    可溶性糖含量/
    (mg·kg-1)
    CK 826 1.21±0.18 14.89±1.83
    DSE 1 036 1.67±0.16 16.53±3.77
    下载: 导出CSV
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  • 收稿日期:  2023-02-25
  • 修回日期:  2023-05-18
  • 刊出日期:  2023-10-31

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