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乌达煤田尘土汞溯源分析

李珊 李春辉 梁汉东 曹庆一 高秀龙

李珊, 李春辉, 梁汉东, 曹庆一, 高秀龙. 乌达煤田尘土汞溯源分析[J]. 矿业科学学报, 2021, 6(6): 642-650. doi: 10.19606/j.cnki.jmst.2021.06.002
引用本文: 李珊, 李春辉, 梁汉东, 曹庆一, 高秀龙. 乌达煤田尘土汞溯源分析[J]. 矿业科学学报, 2021, 6(6): 642-650. doi: 10.19606/j.cnki.jmst.2021.06.002
Li Shan, Li Chunhui, Liang Handong, Cao Qingyi, Gao Xiulong. Traceability analysis of dustfall mercury and topsoil mercury in Wuda Coalfield[J]. Journal of Mining Science and Technology, 2021, 6(6): 642-650. doi: 10.19606/j.cnki.jmst.2021.06.002
Citation: Li Shan, Li Chunhui, Liang Handong, Cao Qingyi, Gao Xiulong. Traceability analysis of dustfall mercury and topsoil mercury in Wuda Coalfield[J]. Journal of Mining Science and Technology, 2021, 6(6): 642-650. doi: 10.19606/j.cnki.jmst.2021.06.002

乌达煤田尘土汞溯源分析

doi: 10.19606/j.cnki.jmst.2021.06.002
基金项目: 

煤炭资源与安全开采国家重点实验室自主研究课题 SKLCRSM17ZZ01

国家自然科学基金 41772157

详细信息
    作者简介:

    李珊(1988—),女,河南商丘人,博士研究生,主要从事煤火等方面的研究工作。Tel:13811589421, E-mail:13811589421@126.com

    通讯作者:

    梁汉东(1959—),男,山东东平人, 教授, 博士生导师, 主要从事环境科学与地球化学等方面的研究工作。Tel:13911110581,E-mail:HDL6688@vip.sina.com

  • 中图分类号: P597.2

Traceability analysis of dustfall mercury and topsoil mercury in Wuda Coalfield

  • 摘要: 本文采用多接收电感耦合等离子体质谱仪(MC-ICPMS)分析了乌达煤田9号火区的不同煤层煤、落尘和地表土汞同位素比值,以探讨煤火区地表汞的可能来源煤层。结果表明,煤、落尘和地表土δ202Hg均值分别为-1.98 ‰、-1.30 ‰、-1.26 ‰,皆具明显偏负特征;地表汞Δ199Hg、Δ201Hg值也显示了偏负异常,如落尘分别为-0.13 ‰、-0.11 ‰,地表土分别为-0.11 ‰、-0.10 ‰。对比分析汞同位素组成特征,尘土δ200Hg、δ202Hg、Δ200Hg值均介于9号煤层与10号煤层之间,趋于9号煤且偏负,表明9号火区尘土汞主要来源于9号煤层,而非10号煤层。尘土δ202Hg值较9号煤显示明显偏负现象是煤燃烧和加热过程中动力分馏效应及地质层析效应的综合结果。汞同位素可有效判别煤火区地表汞来源煤层,添加汞同位素分析可有利于提高地下煤火监测效果。
  • 图  1  乌达区位图、采样点示意图和样品

    Figure  1.  Location of Wuda, profile sample sites and samples

    图  2  加入汞与测试汞相关性

    Figure  2.  Relation between Hg added and Hg measured

    图  3  样品的δ202Hg和Δ199Hg关系

    Figure  3.  δ202Hg-Δ199Hg of samples

    图  4  落尘和地表土的δ202Hg值

    Figure  4.  δ202Hg of dustfalls and topsoils

    图  5  样品奇数汞同位素非质量分馏效应

    Figure  5.  Mass-independent fractionation of odd Hg isotopes in samples

    表  1  样品信息

    Table  1.   Information of samples

    样品 颜色 经度 纬度
    沙-1 黄色 106°35′52″ 39°33′05″
    沙-2 黄色 106°35′52″ 39°33′07″
    落尘-1 浅灰色 106°36′39″ 39°31′45″
    落尘-2 黄色 106°37′02″ 39°31′32″
    落尘-3 浅灰色 106°37′27″ 39°31′31″
    落尘-4 浅灰色 106°37′57″ 39°31′31″
    地表土-1 灰黑色 106°36′39″ 39°31′45″
    地表土-2 浅灰色 106°37′02″ 39°31′32″
    地表土-3 灰黑色 106°37′27″ 39°31′31″
    地表土-4 黑色 106°37′57″ 39°31′31″
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  2  样品汞含量与汞同位素组成

    Table  2.   Hg isotope composition and total Hg concentration of samples

    样品 THg δ199Hg δ200Hg δ201Hg δ202Hg Δ199Hg Δ200Hg Δ201Hg
    ng·g-1 2SD 2SD 2SD 2SD 2SD 2SD 2SD
    3177-04 0.69 -0.12 -0.26 -0.47 -0.55 0.02 0.02 -0.05
    3177-10 0.87 -0.18 -0.23 -0.39 -0.51 -0.05 0.02 -0.01
    3177-302 0.84 -0.08 -0.27 -0.43 -0.52 0.05 -0.01 -0.04
    3177-401 0.73 -0.10 -0.29 -0.40 -0.47 0.02 -0.05 -0.04
    3177-403 0.71 -0.11 -0.26 -0.37 -0.50 0.02 0.00 0.01
    3177-405 0.65 -0.15 -0.24 -0.42 -0.45 -0.03 -0.01 -0.08
    BCR482-003 0.88 -1.11 -0.83 -2.01 -1.86 -0.64 0.11 -0.61
    BCR482-302 0.72 -1.06 -0.80 -2.07 -1.82 -0.60 0.11 -0.70
    9号煤均值 180 -0.33 0.01 -0.50 0.02 -0.87 0.05 -1.09 0.07 -0.05 0.01 0.05 0.02 -0.04 0.01
    9号-1 177 -0.32 -0.48 -0.83 -1.04 -0.06 0.04 -0.05
    9号-2 183 -0.33 -0.51 -0.89 -1.13 -0.05 0.06 -0.04
    9号-3 179 -0.33 -0.51 -0.88 -1.11 -0.05 0.05 -0.05
    10号煤均值 210 -0.77 0.01 -1.35 0.01 -2.20 0.02 -2.86 0.02 -0.05 0.01 0.08 0.02 -0.05 0.01
    10号-1 214 -0.77 -1.36 -2.20 -2.86 -0.05 0.08 -0.05
    10号-2 207 -0.77 -1.35 -2.21 -2.87 -0.05 0.09 -0.05
    10号-3 208 -0.76 -1.35 -2.19 -2.85 -0.04 0.08 -0.04
    沙均值 74 -0.49 -0.81 -1.38 -1.78 -0.04 0.08 -0.04
    沙-1 67 -0.49 -0.81 -1.38 -1.79 -0.04 0.08 -0.04
    沙-2 81 -0.49 -0.81 -1.38 -1.78 -0.04 0.08 -0.04
    落尘均值 642 -0.45 0.03 -0.59 0.03 -1.08 0.05 -1.30 0.07 -0.13 0.02 0.06 0.01 -0.11 0.01
    落尘-1 844 -0.43 -0.57 -1.05 -1.25 -0.12 0.06 -0.11
    落尘-2 624 -0.45 -0.59 -1.07 -1.28 -0.12 0.05 -0.10
    落尘-3 512 -0.45 -0.59 -1.08 -1.30 -0.12 0.06 -0.11
    落尘-4 588 -0.48 -0.61 -1.13 -1.35 -0.14 0.06 -0.11
    地表土均值 468 -0.43 0.03 -0.58 0.03 -1.05 0.03 -1.26 0.07 -0.11 0.02 0.06 0.01 -0.10 0.02
    地表土-1 619 -0.41 -0.55 -1.03 -1.22 -0.10 0.06 -0.11
    地表土-2 418 -0.42 -0.57 -1.03 -1.24 -0.11 0.05 -0.10
    地表土-3 427 -0.44 -0.58 -1.05 -1.28 -0.12 0.06 -0.09
    地表土-4 407 -0.45 -0.60 -1.07 -1.31 -0.12 0.06 -0.09
    下载: 导出CSV
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  • 收稿日期:  2020-10-06
  • 修回日期:  2020-11-30
  • 刊出日期:  2021-12-01

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